Statistics on Renewable energy for the Danube Region
A JRC report provides data on the sustainable energy in the Danube region, as an integral part of EU 2020 energy and climate strategy. The European Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR) endorsed in June 2011 by the European Council reflects the European goal of a "low-carbon economy" and is an integral part of European Union (EU) 2020 energy and climate strategy. This strategy is reflected by the policy framework in the EUSDR area covered by the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Efficiency Directive. This framework includes all binding targets set out regarding development of renewable energies and reductions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as well as the latest legislation promoting energy efficiencyThe EU policy framework aim to cut, by 2020, its energy consumption by 20% through shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources, increasing the efficiency of energy use and reduce energy demand. The evolution of energy demand in a macro region as EUSDR area over last 22 years has been determined by political changes taken place after year 1990. These changes affected the most the evolution of non-EU countries gross inland consumption of energy. This indicator dropped significantly (36% less) between 1990 and 1995 decreasing then further by 16% up to year 2000. Over the 10-year period after 2000 the evolution of gross inland consumption in non-EU countries was similar with the evolution of this indicator in EU countries, remaining nevertheless all the times as half of this consumption. Solid fuels and nuclear were in 2012 the main sources of primary energy production in EUSDR area with a share of 63%. More than half of gross inland consumption of energy in EUSDR area in 2012 was solid fuels (27.4%) and oil & oil products (26.8%). Energy intensity of the economy in EUSDR area has decreased from 1990 level in both EU and non-EU countries. The drop has been larger for non-EU countries due to the deep decline of gross inland consumption over the last 22 years accompanied with the decrease of GDP PPP (Milions 2005). The decrease of energy consumption per capita has been also significant for non-EU countries whereas in EU countries the decrease in this indicator was lower. In 2012 energy intensity in non-EU countries was almost three times higher compared with EU countries and more than two-times the energy intensity of EUSDR area. Renewable energy mix in the EUSDR area totalled 54.3 Mtoe and was mainly used for heating purposes that reached in 2012 more than half of this energy. Almost 10% of renewable heat in the EUSDR area was consumed in non-EU countries. The contribution of renewable energy mix in gross final energy consumption was 13.7% in 2012 and it is expected to increase up to about 18.7% in 2020. The non-EU countries will double their contribution in final renewable energy mix expected to be consumed in 2020 in EUSDR area. Bioenergy was the main component in EUSDR area in year 2012 with a contribution of almost two thirds in total renewable energy mix. Three-fourth of total bioenergy fed the heating sector using solid biomass that together with its contribution to electricity generation covered more than three-fourth of bioenergy needs in the area. GreenHouse Gas (GHG) emissions in EUSDR area totalled 1982.6 Mt CO2eq in 2012, almost 40% lower than the GHG emissions in 1990. Energy was the main source of GHG emissions in the area with a contribution to nearly 80%. Development of renewable energy in EUSDR area resulted in 2012 in net GHG emission savings of 257.7 Mt CO2eq in which renewable electricity contributed with almost 65%. Without this savings the total GHG emissions in the EUSDR area would have been 11.5% higher whereas the energy related GHG emissions 14.2% higher.